Sports injuries, accidents are inevitable in training and sports competitions and typical jobs of each industry.

You need to have knowledge to handle properly from the beginning to help the injury recover well, avoid subjective treatment or experience that can make injuries worse or will become chronic hard to treat. , difficult to recover, affect daily life.


Among the first aid methods of injury, Rice is an effective method used. Rice stands for English words Rest – Ice – Compression – Elevation


The ankle sprain is the phenomenon of ligaments that support the joints that are excessive. This injury occurs when the player fell and flipped his feet inside, causing an ankle disorder.

Signs of ankle sprains include:

  • The ankles are bruised, inflamed, swollen;
  • Unable to move a limb or joint;
  • Loose joints, unstable.

Sprains can go away on its own after a few days but if not well cared for, the risk of relapse is very high.

This is a sudden muscle spasm, causing severe pain in a muscle, making the injured person unable to continue moving. Every muscle has the potential to cramp. However, cramps most often occur in the shins, thighs, hands, feet, and abdominal muscles.

Muscle stretch is another name for the muscle condition. This injury occurs when the muscles are excessively stretched, which can lead to muscle tearing, mainly muscles of calves, hamstrings, groin, lower back and shoulders. Symptoms include: pain, swelling, weakness, difficulty or unable to use muscles.

This is a condition that 1 of 5 muscle groups run along the inner thighs that are torn or broken when playing high -intensity sports such as football, volleyball, tennis … If you have a groin injury, you will feel the pain. Pour in the groin, thighs, hips to the knees. You will also have difficulty moving and walking around, hard to run or turn yourself.

What you need to do now is the ice forced, applying the injured area, and resting properly. Back to practice too early can cause further injuries.

Due to the complex structure and subject to the whole body’s load, the knee joint is often most injured. The common knee injuries in sports are:

Anterior diagonal ligament injury (ACL): The front ligament is located in the center of the knee, with the function of controlling the rotating motion and moving forward of the lower leg bone. This injury occurs when the athletes land wrong, changing the direction of sudden movement, stopping quickly or having a direct impact on the knee. People with torn ligament before often hear the sound and then feel that the knees are very painful, swollen and no longer moving.

Trauma ligament behind (LCP): Compared to the front ligament, the ligament is bigger and stronger, so when encountering a strong impact force that makes the body fall down and put all the force on the knee, you are new. Tear the back ligament. The common symptoms are intense pain in the knee area, swollen knees and loose knee joints.
Traumatic diagonal ligament inside the knee (MCL): The middle ligament is located inside the knee, connecting the upper lower leg bone (femur) with the tibia. The between the ligament is torn in case the knee joint is pushed aside when performing a wrong movement or strong force directly into the knee. The common symptoms are painful knees, swelling and loose joints.

Patellic bone injury (Patellofemoral syndrome): occurs when the tea cake bone does not move smoothly, damaging the tissue under the tea cake bone. Jogging, volleyball and basketball athletes are at high risk of this injury.

The wrong shoulder joint, inflammation or torn the rotary cuff, rotating tendonitis, stiff shoulders, and shoulder cartilage damage are common shoulder injuries when playing sports. Common symptoms include: pain, swelling, stiffness of the shoulder area; Normal shoulder and arms cannot move; Deformed shoulder joints …

A sports fracture is a broken bone caused by a strong external force. Bones can break vertically, horizontally, in many places, or break into pieces. Signs of a fracture include: a crunching sound under the skin when an injury occurs, and the fracture site is bruised, red, swollen, and deformed. You also cannot move flexibly at the fracture site.



It is necessary to suspend sports activities and limit movement in the injured area


Applying ice is a method to reduce swelling and pain, each cold compress should last about 15 minutes


Use cloth or elastic band to fix the injury area, help the wound recover quickly


Elevating the injury site relative to the entire body will help reduce swelling, pain, and inflammation.

Causes of injuries

  • Wrong start (time – mass – position)
  • Weak health, not good physical strength
  • There is a disease in the body, causing fatigue
  • Injuries many times
  • The technique is not good
  • Psychology – little competition experience
  • Overtraining
  • Lack of protective gear
  • Unsuitable competition equipment
  • The weather is too hot or too cold

Prevention of injury occurs

  • Start carefully: Increase in intensity and frequency and difficulty
  • Perfect techniques and good physical strength
  • Good psychological preparation
  • Suitable schedule (professional athletes)
  • Do not be too hard when being overloaded
  • Good treatment for old injuries before returning to the competition
  • Competition tools – security tools – yard must be suitable
  • Pay attention to weather issues
túi sơ cứu du lịch travel kit 1life xe máy


Intended for
  • Runner
  • Trekking
  • Play sports
  • Children from 6 years old
  • Families with young children
  • Motorcycle
  • Travel, Sports
  • Family medicine cabinet
  • Groups of less than 3 people
  • Car
  • Camp
  • Office, school
  • Groups of less than 10 people
Size (cm)16x10x310x15x521x13x523x16x10cm
Weight (gram)100g380g220g850g
Tool number1550+55+200+
Kit material600D polyesterPlastic PVCEVA Waterproof – 1680D600D polyester
First Aid Skills BookX
First aid handbook
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